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Pattern of biopsy proven renal diseases at PNS SHIFA, Karachi: A cross-sectional survey

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Author(s): Sabir Sohail | Mubarak Muhammed | Ul-Haq Irfan | Bibi Aisha

Journal: Journal of Renal Injury Prevention
ISSN 2345-2781

Volume: 2;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 133;
Date: 2013;
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Keywords: Epidemiology | Renal biopsy | Glomerulonephritis | Nephropathy

ABSTRACT
Introduction: Percutaneous renal biopsy (RB) is an invaluable diagnostic procedure in patients with medical renal diseases.Objectives: To determine the pattern of biopsy proven renal disease (BPRD) from a tertiary care naval hospital in Karachi, Pakistan.Methods and Materials: All the renal biopsies in adult patients (≥18 years) performed at our hospital from 2008 to 2012 were retrospectively reviewed. The biopsies were evaluated by light microscopy and immunofluorescence.Results: A total 60 cases were analyzed. The mean age was 33.3±12.9 years (range: 18 to 72 years).The male to female ratio was 3:1. The most common indication of renal biopsy was nephrotic syndrome (43.3%), followed by renal failure (26.6%) and non-nephrotic proteinuria (23.3%). Primary glomerulonephritides (PGN) were predominant overall lesions, found in 46 (76.6%) of the total biopsies. Among PGN, the most common lesion was focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS), followed by membranous glomerulonephritis (MGN), IgA nephropathy (IgAN) and chronic sclerosing glomerulonephritis (CSGN) and a variety of rare lesions. Secondary glomerulonephritides (SGN) were found in only three (5%) cases. There were two cases of amyloidosis and one of lupus nephritis (LN). Tubulointerstitial disease (TID) and vascular disease were rare.Conclusion: This study provides information about the epidemiology of BPRD in a large tertiary care naval center in Southern Pakistan.
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