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Pattern Classification Using an Olfactory Model with PCA Feature Selection in Electronic Noses: Study and Application

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Author(s): Jun Fu | Canqin Huang | Jianguo Xing | Junbao Zheng

Journal: Sensors
ISSN 1424-8220

Volume: 12;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 2818;
Date: 2012;
Original page

Keywords: artificial neural network | olfactory model | feature selection | principal component analysis | pattern classification | electronic nose

ABSTRACT
Biologically-inspired models and algorithms are considered as promising sensor array signal processing methods for electronic noses. Feature selection is one of the most important issues for developing robust pattern recognition models in machine learning. This paper describes an investigation into the classification performance of a bionic olfactory model with the increase of the dimensions of input feature vector (outer factor) as well as its parallel channels (inner factor). The principal component analysis technique was applied for feature selection and dimension reduction. Two data sets of three classes of wine derived from different cultivars and five classes of green tea derived from five different provinces of China were used for experiments. In the former case the results showed that the average correct classification rate increased as more principal components were put in to feature vector. In the latter case the results showed that sufficient parallel channels should be reserved in the model to avoid pattern space crowding. We concluded that 6~8 channels of the model with principal component feature vector values of at least 90% cumulative variance is adequate for a classification task of 3~5 pattern classes considering the trade-off between time consumption and classification rate.
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