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Patterns of gall-forming in Ossaea confertiflora (Melastomataceae) by Lopesia brasiliensis (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) in an area of Atlantic Rainforest in Southeastern Brazil

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Author(s): VRCIBRADIC D. | ROCHA C. F. D. | MONTEIRO R. F.

Journal: Revista Brasileira de Biologia
ISSN 0034-7108

Volume: 60;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 159;
Date: 2000;
Original page

Keywords: Cecidomyiidae | Ilha Grande | leaf galls | Lopesia brasiliensis | Ossaea confertiflora

ABSTRACT
Patterns of galling by the gall midge Lopesia brasiliensis (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) were studied in Ossaea confertiflora (Melastomataceae) in an Atlantic forest site at Ilha Grande, RJ. Out of the 81 plants surveyed, 55 (67.9%) bore galls. The number of galls per galled individual ranged from 1 to 261 and 94.4% of the galls were in leaves. The number of galls per galled leaf varied from 1 to 25. Total gall number was positively correlated with plant height. Larger and more ramified plants tended to have a smaller percentage of their leaves with galls and a lower density of galls per leaf than smaller plants. Plants that were close to other individuals of the same species tended to have more galls per leaf than relatively isolated plants. The observed patterns may be linked to strategies of optimization in the use of resources (i.e. oviposition sites) and predation avoidance by the gall midges.
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