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PCNA in assessment of progression rate of chronic renal allograft rejection

Author(s): Simić-Ogrizović Sanja P. | Starčević-Božović Angelina | Blagojević Radmila | Radivojević Dragana | Đukanović Ljubica D.

Journal: Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo
ISSN 0370-8179

Volume: 130;
Issue: 5-6;
Start page: 159;
Date: 2002;
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Keywords: renal allograft rejection | PCNA marker

Chronic graft failure may occur due to CR, cyclosporine nephrotoxicity repeated acute rejection, recurrent glomerular diseases, surgical and urological complications, but CR was recognized as the most common cause of chronic graft failure and renal graft loss [7]. Progression of renal disease reflects the interactive effects of changes in the structure and function. This notion has been examined many times in the native kidneys by studies correlating glomerular filtration rate with architectural deterioration in the glomerular or interstitial compartment [8-10]. Meanwhile, the similar studies in human renal allograft are scarce. Increased PCNA immunodetection in glomerular cells as well as in interstitial infiltrates was described in acute and chronic renal graft rejection and diagnostic value of this finding was analyzed [12,15]. Similarly, PCNA was often examined immunohistochemically in lymphoma and solid tumors as a marker of cell proliferation, but its reliability as a prognostic factor was also evaluated [18-20]. In the present study the prognostic value of PCNA expression in different tissue compartments of renal grafts experiencing CR was examined for the first time. The present study revealed that two groups examined with the different chronic graft failure progression rate as the main difference had significantly different proliferation of cells in glomerular, TIN and vascular compartments. PCNA immunoreactivity scores in these three compartments were significantly higher in the fast than in slow progression group. The significant positive correlation between the slope of the regression line plotting 1/sCr vs. time and cell proliferation in glomerular, TIN and vascular compartments was also found. Therefore, it was suggested that the measurement of PCNA expression in renal graft tissue might be used as a prognostic index.
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