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Pediatric spine injuries after trauma: a review of 43 cases

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Author(s): Mohammadreza Ehsaei | Gholamreza Bahadorkhan | Fariborz Samini | Hamed Kheradmand

Journal: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
ISSN 1016-1430

Volume: 22;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 86;
Date: 2008;
Original page

Keywords: spinal injury | children | spinal cord injury

ABSTRACT
  Abstract   Objective: To evaluate and review our experience with pediatric spinal injuries and   factors affecting outcome, the authors conducted a retrospective clinical study of 43   cases (32 boys, 11 girls) of pediatric spine injuries treated during four years (January   1999 to December 2003).   Methods: Forty-three children with spinal injuries were studied retrospectively   over four years and were divided into two age groups: 0-9 years and 10-17 years. We reviewed the level(s) involved, types of bony injuries, presence of spinal cord injury,   treatment received, length of hospital stay, discharge status, any associated injuries,   and any complications during the hospital stay. Analysis of variance and chi-square   were used to analyze differences between groups.   Results: Motor vehicle accidents were the most common cause in this series. There   were twelve patients aged 0-9 years and thirty-one aged 10-17 years. Spine injury incidence increased with age. There was 14% cervical, 46.5% thoracic, 34.9% lumbar, and 4.6% multilevel involvement. Thirteen patients had spinal cord injury. Spinal cord injury was more common in the 0-9 age group. One patient with spinal cord injury without radiographic abnormality (SCIWORA) was in the 0-9 age group and had complete neurologic injuries. Young children with spinal injuries were more likely to die than older children. The associated injuries were 25.7%. Twenty-five point six percent underwent decompression, fusion, and instrumentation. The complication rate in surgical   patients was higher than in patients treated non-surgically and in multiply injured patients. This may be related to the severity of the initial injury.   Conclusion: Our results suggest age-related patterns of injury that differ from previous   work. Potential for neurological recovery is good. Young children have a higher   risk for death than older children. There was no predominance of cervical injuries in the   young child. The incidence of SCIWORA was low. Higher complication rates were   seen in polytrauma and surgical patients.  
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