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Perceived Workplace Culture as an Antecedent of Job Stress: The Mediating Role of Work-Family Conflict

Author(s): Aminah Ahmad | Zoharah Omar

Journal: Journal of Social Sciences
ISSN 1549-3652

Volume: 6;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 369;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: Image processing | connected components labeling | Family-supportive work culture | work-family conflict | job stress

Problem statement: Few studies have tested the mediating effect of work-family conflict on the relationship between workplace culture and job stress. Approach: This study tested a mediation model consisting of job stress as the dependent variable, perceived family-supportive work culture as the independent variable and work-family conflict as the mediator. Data were gathered from 693 employees from private service organizations in the Klang Valley, Malaysia, using self-administered questionnaires. The data were analyzed using correlation and multiple regression analyses. Results: Results of correlation analysis revealed that perceived family-supportive work culture was related to work-family conflict and job stress and work-family conflict was related to job stress. Results of a series of multiple regression analyses indicated that work-family conflict partially mediates the relationship between perceived family-supportive work culture and job stress. Conclusion/Recommendations: Employees who perceive that their organizations are family-supportive seem to experience less stress at the workplace and less work-family conflict. Employers should take into consideration employeesÂ’ perceptions of how supportive the organization is of their family needs as a factor that could reduce the experience of work-family conflict and job stress. Employers should also look into the possibility of developing programmes to assist employees in managing work-family roles.
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