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Perceptions for Transformational leadership, Followers’ Psychological Capital and Intent to Leave in Pakistan: an insight from Medical and Engineering Sector

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Author(s): Kamariah Ismail | Wafa Khurram | Tajammal Hussain | Syed Khurram Ali Jafri

Journal: Interdisciplinary Journal of Research in Business
ISSN 2046-7141

Volume: 1;
Issue: 8;
Start page: 49;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: Brain drain | Transformational Leadership | Psychological Capital | Intent to Leave

ABSTRACT
Through this study, an effort has been made to join in the scholarly endeavor to identify the reasons for brain drain generally and specifically in Pakistan. The mushroom growth of intents to leave among the employees has been recognized as one of the most important factors for brain drain, globally. Identifying the importance of leadership and followers’ psychological capital in reducing intents to leave, the prevailing perceptions for the role of transformational leadership and the psychological capital of the followers among the employees from Medical and Engineering sector of Pakistan, is studied. Data from 149 respondents was collected by Stratified random sampling and distributing questionnaire by mail survey method. Descriptive analysis showed that most of the employees having high levels of perceptions for transformational leader are stronger in terms of their psychological capacities of hope, optimism, resilience and efficacy than their counterparts. However, the intents to leave are found stronger in more educated and experienced employees with greater levels of psychological capital. It is attributed through findings that intents to leave among the employees of Pakistan may reduce by developing their psychological capital through motivational capacity of transformational leadership nevertheless, implication regarding role of transformational leaders are discussed.
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