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Performance Analysis of WLAN Standards for Video Conferencing Applications

Author(s): Lachhman Das Dhomeja | Shazia Abbasi | Asad Ali Shaikh | Yasir Arfat Malkani

Journal: International Journal of Wireless & Mobile Networks
ISSN 0975-4679

Volume: 3;
Issue: 6;
Start page: 59;
Date: 2012;
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Keywords: WLAN standards | QoS support | video conferencing | OPNET-14.

A number of traffic characterization studies have been carried out on wireless LANs, which indicate that the wireless settings pose major challenges, especially for high bandwidth and delay sensitive applications. This paper aims to evaluate a number of Quality of Service (QoS) parameters related to video conferencing over three major WLAN Standards 802.11a, 802.11b and 802.11g. To study the traffic characterization behaviour of these WLAN standards, we have simulated the environment for eachof these standards and performed experiments. Results are verified through the delivery of successful H.261 video traffic import in OPNET-14 Network simulator. We found that a trade-off exists between theselected data rate, physical characteristics and the frequency spectrum (number of channels) for everystandard. The traffic of video conferencing is characterized over each standard in terms of delay performance, traffic performance and load and throughput performance. The results show that quality ofvideo traffic is a function of the frequency band, physical characteristic, maximum data rate and buffer sizes of WLAN standards.
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