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Performance Assessment and analysis of national building codes with fire safety in all wards of a hospital

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Author(s): R. Yarahmadi | A. Gholizade | M.j. Jafari | A. Kohpae | M. Mahdinia

Journal: Iran Occupational Health
ISSN 1735-5133

Volume: 6;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 28;
Date: 2009;
Original page

Keywords: Fire | Risk assessment | National building cods | Hospital

ABSTRACT
Background and aimsAIDS as a re-emergent disease and Viral hepatitis (B and C) as one of thBackground and objective: Fire safety is an important problem in hospitals. Movement less, lack of awareness and special situation of residents are the reasons of this subject. In more countries such as Iran, fire protection regulations have compiled within the framework of national building codes. Current building codes don't create sufficient safety for patient in the hospitals in different situations and more of the advanced countries in the world effort to establish building code, base  on performance. This study to be accomplished with this goal that determination of fire risk level in the wards of a hospital and survey the efficiency of the national building codes. Methodsfire risk assesses is done, using "engineering fire risk assessment method" with the checklist for Data gathering. In this manner, risk calculate in all compartments and in the next  stage for survey the effect of building codes, with this supposition that all compartment is  conforming to building code requirement, risk level calculate in two situation.Resultsthe results of present study reveals that, risk level in all wards is more than one and even though risk less than one is acceptable, consequently minimum of safely situations didn't  produce in most wards. The results show the national building code in the different conditions  don't have appropriate efficient for creation of suitable safety. Conclusionin order to access to a fire safety design with sufficient efficiency, suitable selection is use of risk assessment based on, design methods.
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