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Performance Evaluation and Selection of Optimal Parameters in Turning of Ti-6Al-4V Alloy Under Different Cooling Conditions

Author(s): M Venkata Ramanaa | K Srinivasulub | G Krishna Mohana Raoc

Journal: International Journal of Innovative Technology and Creative Engineering
ISSN 2045-869X

Volume: 1;
Issue: 5;
Start page: 10;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: Titanium alloy | Turning | Coolants | Optimization

Titanium alloys have very high tensile strength and toughness, light weight, extraordinary corrosion resistance, and ability to withstand extreme temperatures. However, the high cost of both raw materials and processing limit their use to military applications, aircraft, spacecraft, medical devices, connecting rods on expensive sports cars, some premium sports equipment and consumer electronics. Surface finish plays vital role in service life of components, to ensure a great reliability of sensitive aeronautical components, surface integrity of titanium alloys should be satisfied. Therefore, it required to optimize process parameters like cutting speed, feed and depth of cut while machining titanium components for better surface finish and also high tool life in order to reduce the tool cost. In order to reduce high temperatures in the machining zone, cutting fluids are employed in machining. Cutting fluid improves the surface conditions of the work piece, tool life and the process as a whole. It also helps in carrying away the heat and debris produced during machining. This project work deals with performance evaluation and optimization of process parameter in turning of Ti6Al4V alloy with different coolant conditions using Taguchi’s design of experiments methodology on surface roughness by uncoated carbide tool. The results have been compared among dry, flooded with Servo cut oil and water and flooded with Synthetic oil coolant conditions. From the experimental investigations, the cutting performance on Ti6Al4V alloy with synthetic oil is found to be better when compared to dry and servo cut oil and water in reducing surface roughness. The results from ANOVA shows that while machining Ti6Al4V alloy, the Synthetic oil is more effective under high cutting speed, high depth of cut and low feed rate compared to dry and servo cut oil and water conditions. The ANOVA also reveals that feed rate is dominant parameter under dry, servo cut oil and water and synthetic oil conditions in optimizing the surface roughness.
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