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Permissivity of the NCI-60 cancer cell lines to oncolytic Vaccinia Virus GLV-1h68

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Author(s): Ascierto Maria | Worschech Andrea | Yu Zhiya | Adams Sharon | Reinboth Jennifer | Chen Nanhai | Pos Zoltan | Roychoudhuri Rahul | Di Pasquale Giovanni | Bedognetti Davide | Uccellini Lorenzo | Rossano Fabio | Ascierto Paolo | Stroncek David | Restifo Nicholas | Wang Ena | Szalay Aladar | Marincola Francesco

Journal: BMC Cancer
ISSN 1471-2407

Volume: 11;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 451;
Date: 2011;
Original page

ABSTRACT
Abstract Background Oncolytic viral therapy represents an alternative therapeutic strategy for the treatment of cancer. We previously described GLV-1h68, a modified Vaccinia Virus with exclusive tropism for tumor cells, and we observed a cell line-specific relationship between the ability of GLV-1h68 to replicate in vitro and its ability to colonize and eliminate tumor in vivo. Methods In the current study we surveyed the in vitro permissivity to GLV-1h68 replication of the NCI-60 panel of cell lines. Selected cell lines were also tested for permissivity to another Vaccinia Virus and a vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) strain. In order to identify correlates of permissity to viral infection, we measured transcriptional profiles of the cell lines prior infection. Results We observed highly heterogeneous permissivity to VACV infection amongst the cell lines. The heterogeneity of permissivity was independent of tissue with the exception of B cell derivation. Cell lines were also tested for permissivity to another Vaccinia Virus and a vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) strain and a significant correlation was found suggesting a common permissive phenotype. While no clear transcriptional pattern could be identified as predictor of permissivity to infection, some associations were observed suggesting multifactorial basis permissivity to viral infection. Conclusions Our findings have implications for the design of oncolytic therapies for cancer and offer insights into the nature of permissivity of tumor cells to viral infection.
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Tango Jona
Tangokurs Rapperswil-Jona