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Peroxynitrite decomposition catalyst prevents apoptotic cell death in a human astrocytoma cell line incubated with supernatants of HIV-infected macrophages

Author(s): Muscoli Carolina | Salvemini Daniela | Paolino Donatella | Iannone Michelangelo | Palma Ernesto | Cufari Antonio | Rotiroti Domenicantonio | Perno Carlo | Aquaro Stefano | Mollace Vincenzo

Journal: BMC Neuroscience
ISSN 1471-2202

Volume: 3;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 13;
Date: 2002;
Original page

Keywords: Peroxynitrite | astroglial cells | therapy | AIDS dementia complex | FeTPMS

Abstract Background Oxidative stress has shown to contribute in the mechanisms underlying apoptotic cell death occuring in AIDS-dementia complex. Here we investigated the role of peroxynitrite in apoptosis occurring in astroglial cells incubated with supernatants of HIV-infected human primary macrophages (M/M). Results Flow cytometric analysis (FACS) of human cultured astrocytes shortly incubated with HIV-1-infected M/M supernatants showed apoptotic cell death, an effect accompanied by pronounced staining for nitrotyrosine (footprint of peroxynitrite) and by abnormal formation of malondialdehyde (MDA). Pretreatment of astrocytes with the peroxynitrite decomposition catalyst FeTMPS antagonized HIV-related astrocytic apoptosis, MDA formation and nitrotyrosine staining. Conclusions Taken together, our results suggest that inibition of peroxynitrite leads to protection against peroxidative stress accompanying HIV-related apoptosis of astrocytes. Overall results support the role of peroxynitrite in HIV-related programmed death of astrocytes and suggest the use of peroxynitrite decomposition catalyst to counteract HIV-1-related neurological disorders.
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