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Perturbation of enzymatic activity of the HeLa neoplastic cells by cytostatic active electromagnetic treatments

Author(s): Cosmin Teodor Mihai | Daniela Gherghel | Gabriela Capraru | Elena Truta | Dorina Iurea | Ion Neacsu | Pincu Rotinberg

Journal: Analele Ştiinţifice Ale Universităţii Alexandru Ioan Cuza din Iași,Sectiunea II A : Genetica si Biologie Moleculara
ISSN 1582-3571

Volume: 11;
Issue: 1;
Date: 2010;
Original page

The study of interactions of low frequency and intensity electromagnetic fields (100 Hz and 5.5 mT of LFI- EMF) with some membrane bound and intracellular enzymatic biomolecules of HeLa cells has revealed an enhancement of membranary Na+-K+-ATP-ase, intracell LDH, SOD and ALP activities, as well as a repression of cellular ATP-ase, CAT, ACP activities in the case of cEMF treatment. Moreover, dcEMF has intensified the enzymatic activity of cellular ATP-ase, Px, CAT, has accentuated MDA levels and has also reduced the functioning degree of membranary Na+-K+- ATP-ase and of intracellular LDH, SOD and ALP. In the case of Px, GSH-Px and lipid peroxidation interference with both EMF variants, we assist to the induction of a stimulator effect upon their activities. The different sense and amplitude of reactivity of neoplastic cells enzymatic systems to the electromagnetic field irradiation were dependent on the EMF application mode (continuous or discontinuous). These variations of the enzymatic activities could be due to a direct or indirect interaction of exogenous cEMF or dcEMF with cellular (plasmalemma) or subcellular (organelles) structures and intracellular biomolecules (enzymes, DNA, RNA etc.), as well as a summation of the exogen and endogen electromagnetic fields effects. Thus, EMF induces a significant cytostatic effect either by alteration of the HeLa cells membranary or metabolic processes, or by intracellular increased generation of free radicals.
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