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PHARMACOGNOSTIC EVALUATION OF LEAVES OF ALANGIUM SALVIIFOLIUM LINN

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Author(s): D. Saravanan | J. Padmavathy | M.J. Parimala | I. Aparna Lakshmi | Ch. Praveen

Journal: International Journal of Research in Ayurveda and Pharmacy
ISSN 2229-3566

Volume: 2;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 216;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: Alangium salviifolium Linn. | fluorescence analysis | macro-morphology | micro-morphology | anamocytic stomata.

ABSTRACT
The leaves of Alangium salviifolium Linn (Family: Alangiaceae) was a reputed drug mentioned in the ancient books of Ayurveda and Siddha for the treatment of epilepsy, jaundice and hepatitis. The investigation was carried out to study the pharmacognostical characteristics of the plant material. The various parameters like macro-morphology, micro-morphology, quantitative microscopy, physicochemical profile, TLC profile, preliminary phytochemical screening and the salient diagnostic features are documented. The characteristic fluorescence analysis was also carried out. The microscopical studies revealed the presence of unicellular trichomes, siphonostele vascular bundle, calcium oxalate crystals, anamocytic stomata. In the phytochemical screening, the extracts were found to have important constituents like carbohydrates, saponins, reducing sugar, alkaloids, phytosterol, fixed oil, tannins and flavanones. The above study would be useful as a diagnostic tool in the identification and authentication of the crude drug.
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