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Author(s): Anuj K. Srivastava

Journal: International Journal of Pharmaceutical Research and Development
ISSN 0974-9446

Volume: 3;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 207;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Cissus quadrangularis | Maceration | Physicochemical analysis

Cissus quadrangularis (Family-Vitaceae) is found in hotter parts of India and neibouring countries Pakistan, Sri Lanka, and Malaysia .Stem of the plant are used as anthelmintic, laxative, chronic ulcer, ,analgesics and in Bone healing activity. The Stem of Cissus quadrangularis was collected and powdered. Ethyl acetate extract was prepared by using Cold Maceration and subsequently fractioned with hydro alcoholic (50:50) for detailed chemical analysis. Fluorescence characters of different Macerated extract and powder were noted under ultra violet light and under normal ordinary light, which signifies their characteristics. The total ash value, acid insoluble ash value and water soluble ash value were 12.5%, 2.5% & 10.0%, respectively. The percentage yields for ethyl acetate, Hydro alcoholic were 2% and 1.8%. respectively. Reaction behaviors of powder stem of Cissus quadrangularis with 10 different reagents were also noted, which revealed characteristic development of particular color. Preliminary qualitative chemical tests of extracts were found positive results for Phytosterol, flavonoids and triterpenoids in Ethyl acetate fraction, Hydro alcoholic fraction was positive to carbohydrate, tannin and amino acid and vitamin C. Flavonoids and triterpenoids are the active constituents in stem of Cissus quadrangularis and may be responsible for its pharmacological activities. The results of the study could be useful in setting some diagnostic indices for the identification and preparation of a monograph of the plant.

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