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Pharmacognostical and phytochemical investigation on leaves of Vitex trifolia linn.

Author(s): S.Thenmozhi*, R.Shanmuga Sundaram, Jena Prabhat Kumar and Choudhury Golak Bihari

Journal: Journal of Pharmacy Research
ISSN 0974-6943

Volume: 4;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 1259;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Vitex trifolia | Pharmacognostic evalution | Physicochemical analysis

Vitex trifolia Linn (Verbanaceae) is commonly known as chaste tree and is reported to have good medicinal values in traditional system of medicines. The present study deals with pharmacognostical examination includes the morphological, microscopical characters and physical constants of vitex trifolia leaves including determination of loss on drying, ash values and extractive values. The preliminary phytochemical screening of various leaf extracts was also carried out and it is revealed the presence of various phytoconstituents like carbohydrates, flavonoids, protein and amino acids, tannins, phytosterols and saponins. The results of the standardization may throw immense light on the botanical identity of the plant Vitex trifolia which may furnish a basis of judging the authenticity of the plant and also to differentiate the drug from its allied species and detect adulterants

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