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PHARMACOGNOSY OF AN ETHNOMEDICINE: IXORA BRACHIATA ROXB.

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Author(s): Subrahmanya Padyana | Ashalatha.M | Radhakrishna Rao

Journal: International Research Journal of Pharmacy
ISSN 2230-8407

Volume: 2;
Issue: 10;
Start page: 62;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: Ixora brachiata Roxb. | Kalanjimale range | Ethnomedicine | Bark | Pharmacognostical study.

ABSTRACT
Ixora brachiata Roxb. belongs to the family Rubiaceae which is a successful ethnomedicinal plant in skin disease, particularly in Eczema, commonly used by the folklore practitioners of the Kalanjimale range in Dakshina Kannada District of Karnataka state. Hence to explore its identity, the pharmacognostical study of the Bark of the plant I. brachiata is undertaken. T.S of the bark shows cork cells with brownish or orange brown contents. Phellogen is followed by 2-6 rows of stone cells Phloem is with a tangential band of 2-11 fibre cells. Axial parenchyma is present in strands of 5-10 cells sometimes tangentially dilated, divided and transformed into sclereids. Rays are uniseriate or multiseriate. Starch grains and prismatic crystals of calcium oxalate are present in cortical cells.
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