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Phonon modes in Gd1-xCexBa2Cu3O7-δ

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Author(s): SH Mozaffari | M Akhavan

Journal: Iranian Journal of Physics Research
ISSN 1682-6957

Volume: 9;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 21;
Date: 2009;
Original page

Keywords: Phonon modes | Gd1-x Cex Ba2 Cu3 O7- δ | Ce doping

ABSTRACT
 XRD and Raman analyses were performed to probe the phase formation and the variation of the normal phonon frequencies of the high temperature superconductor GdBa2Cu3O7-δ upon Ce doping. It was found that in addition to the orthorhombic 123 phase, some nonsuperconducting peaks, which are mainly due to the BaCeO3 secondary phase, are also formed that suppress the superconducting transition temperature. Besides, analysis of the Raman peaks shows that substitutions of Ce for Gd in GdBa2Cu3O7-δ are restricted to low concentrations in favor of impurity island formation .
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