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Photoprotection

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Author(s): Rai Reena | Srinivas C

Journal: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
ISSN 0378-6323

Volume: 73;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 73;
Date: 2007;
Original page

Keywords: Photoprotection | Sunscreen | Ultraviolet

ABSTRACT
The deleritious effect of ultraviolet radiation on humans has increased the need for photoprotection. Sunscreens are widely used as photo protective agents. They are divided into chemical sunscreens which absorb high-energy ultraviolet rays and physical blockers which reflect or scatter light. Effectiveness of sunscreens depends upon sun protection factor and its substantivity. Clothing is also important for sun protection and its effectiveness is measured by Ultraviolet Protection Factor. There are many other agents with photo protective properties, which range from antioxidants to plant extracts to DNA repair enzymes. Usage of wide brimmed hats and sunglasses, avoidance of solar exposure at times of peak intensity, use of cover-up garments and sunscreen lotions are effective for photo protection of the skin.

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