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Photovoltaic System Equipped with Digital Command Control and Acquisition

Author(s): Med Faysal Yaden | Mustapha Melhaoui | Rajae Gaamouche | Kamal Hirech | Elhadi Baghaz | Khalil Kassmi

Journal: Electronics (Basel)
ISSN 2079-9292

Volume: 2;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 192;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: component | energy and photovoltaic systems | electrical characterization | simulation | optimal electrical quantities | digital controls and supervision

In this paper, we present results concerning the design, the realization and the characterization of a photovoltaic system (PV), equipped with a digital controls: Power Point Tracking (MPPT), charge/discharge lead acid batteries, sun tracker and supervision. These different functions are performed with a microcontroller that has capabilities and functions to the reliability of PV systems (signal generation Pulses Width Modulation (PWM), speed etc.). Concerning the MPPT control operation, we improved the accuracy and reliability of research by improving the search algorithm “Hill Climbing” taking into account the optimal operation of PV panels depending on weather conditions (temperature and light).The experiment of each block shows that the MPPT control converges instantly the operating point of the PV panels around the maximum power point, independently of sudden changes of the illumination or the load. The control blocks charge/discharge battery and sun tracking show good control of charge/discharge lead acid batteries and the need of sun tracker to increase the power supplied by the PV panel. By using the improved MPPT control, loss of power supplied by the PV panels are very low (below 5%).
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