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Physical Activity, Nutrition, and Dyslipidemia in Middle-Aged Women

Author(s): MA Delavar | MS Lye | STBS Hassan | GL Khor | P Hanachi

Journal: Iranian Journal of Public Health
ISSN 2251-6085

Volume: 40;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 89;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Nutrition | Physical Activity | Dyslipidemia | Women's Health

Background: Cardiovascular disease is a major cause of death throughout the world. The aim of this study was to as­sess the prevalence of overweight/obesity, central obesity, hypertension and dyslipidemia, as well as dietary factors contribut­ing to the development of dyslipidemia among middle-aged women.Methods: The research design of the present study was a population-based cross-sectional study; anthropometric meas­ures and blood chemistry were obtained. Physical activity was measured using the original International Physical Activity Questionnaires Long Form while food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) was used in assessing individual's habit­ual intake. Overall, 809 women, 30-50 years of age from fourteen active urban Primary Healthcare Centers (PHC) in Babol City, northern Iran, were obtained from 1,905 households across operational areas of 14 PHC using systematic random sampling method.Results: The prevalence rates of women classified as overweight/obese, with central obesity, hypertension and dyslip­ide­mia were 82.8%, 75.5%, 14.6% and 63.4%, respectively. Total physical activity did not correlate with choles­terol ratio. Soybean protein was inversely associated with cholesterol ratio (rho=-0.18, P≤ 0.001). The adjusted OR for dyslip­idemia in women with moderate protein intake was significantly higher than in women with high and low intake (OR=2.31; 95% CI= 1.61, 3.30). No significant associations were found between dyslipidemia and carbohydrate, fat intake or physical activity.Conclusion: This study showed very high prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors among Iranian middle-aged women. A more detailed study is suggested to develop definitively recommendations for the primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease for the Iranian population.
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