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Physical and Biochemical Contents of Camel, Cattle, Goat and Human Urine

Author(s): Salwa | M. E. K. | M. S. Ali | H. A. Samia | A. M. Majid

Journal: Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances
ISSN 1680-5593

Volume: 3;
Issue: 9;
Start page: 586;
Date: 2004;
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Twenty-eight urine samples were collected from healthy, male and female, young and adult camels (Camelus dromedarus), cattle, goat and human.Samples were physically, chemically, microscopically, and biochemically examined for determination of pH, specific gravity, chloride, phosphate, sulphate, bicarbonate, uric acid, urea, creatinine, creatine, total protein, albumin, macro elements (Ca++, Mg+, Na+, K+) and micro elements (Zn++, Co++). The data of these parameters have been compared with the available literature, and discussed in respect to the peculiar feature of the camel. The results obtained showed that camel urine was superior followed by goat, cattle and human urines; pronounced highly values in camel urine of potassium, urea and total protein, while sodium, uric acid and creatine were very low as compared to other species.
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