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PHYTO-PHARMACOLOGY of Berberis aristata DC: A REVIEW

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Author(s): Papiya Mitra Mazumder | Saumya Das | sanjita Das | Manas Kumar Das

Journal: Journal of Drug Delivery and Therapeutics
ISSN 2250-1177

Volume: 1;
Issue: 2;
Date: 2011;
Original page

ABSTRACT
ABSTRACT Plants have been the basis of many traditional medicines throughout the world for thousands of years and continue to provide new remedies to mankind. Plants are one of the richest sources of compounds. Berberis aristata is one of the plants used in Ayurveda for several remedies. Berberis aristata commonly known as  “Daru haldhi and Chitra” is spinous herb native to northern Himalaya region. The plant  is  widely distributed  from Himalayas to Srilanka, Bhutan,  and  hilly areas of  Nepal.  Berberis aristata is used  in ayurvedic  medicines  from  very  long time.  It is used as a tonic, alternative, demulscent, diaphoretic, and diuretic, in the treatment of diarrhoea, jaundice and skin diseases, syphilis, chronic rheumatism and urinary disorders. Scientific evidence suggests its versatile biological functions that support its traditional use in the orient.  Phytochemical  studies  shows  that  plant Berberis  aristata contains  mainly  yellow  colored alkaloids Berberine,  oxyberberine,  berbamine,  aromoline,  a  protoberberine  alkaloid  karachine,  palmatine, oxycanthine  and  taxilamine  and  tannins,  sugar,  starch.  The  plant  has  effective  pharmacological  action  and  shows promising future for further researches.  This review aims to highlight the ethnobotany, pharmacognostic and pharmacological uses of Berberis aristata
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