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Plants as bitter

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Author(s): Devidas Deshmukh | Vijay Singh Baghel | Deependra Shastri | Durgesh Nandini | N. S. Chauhan

Journal: International Journal of Advances in Pharmaceutical Sciences
ISSN 0976-1055

Volume: 1;
Issue: 4;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Bitter plants | Alkaloids | Glycosides | Antidiabetic | Bitterness value.

ABSTRACT
The plants containing bitters (bitter substances) are exclusively used due to their intensively bitter tastes, they increases the appetite and stimulates digestion by acting on the mucous membranes of the mouth. Also increases the flow bile, stimulate repair of gut wall lining and regulate the secretion of insulin and glucagons. They reflectively induce stimulation on the salivary gland and the secretion of gastric juice. The bitter taste recognizes at the very moment of excitation. The taste buds are situated at the root of the tongue, and keep the bitter taste some time afterwards ('after-taste'). These are then sending the signal to the brain, which by reflexes than affect the swelling of the secreting mucous membranes. The bitters have therefore positive influence on the digestive processes, then it lead to an improvement on appetite as well as an amelioration of the food intake. The bitters plants are generally showing antidiabetic and tonic action.Keywords: Bitter plants, Alkaloids, Glycosides, Antidiabetic, Bitterness value.

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