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Pneumonectomy due to bronchus carcinoma after pleural empyema

Author(s): Subotić Dragan | Mandarić Dragan | Atanasijadis Nikola | Andrić Ljiljana

Journal: Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo
ISSN 0370-8179

Volume: 130;
Issue: 5-6;
Start page: 208;
Date: 2002;
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Keywords: lung cancer | pleural empyema | resection

Pneumonectomy is a lung resection that is associated with significantly higher operative mortality and morbidity than lobectomy. Beside classical causes of operative morbidity, such as respiratory and cardiovascular, the most important cause of postoperative complications is bronchopleural fistula. This complication occurs in 5 to 10 percents of patients with pneumonectomy, in some series up to 15 percents before introducing mechanical bronchial suture. The risk of the occurrence of this complication is increased in patients undergoing pneumonectomy after previous infection in the pleural space. Not so frequently, surgeons are faced with the necessity of performing pneumonectomy after pleural empyema as the first manifestation of the bronchus carcinoma. Over the last 5 years, in the the Institute of Lung Diseases, 4 patients underwent pneumonectomy after pleural empyema. The preoperative assessment, operative procedure and postoperative problems are the subject of this paper. Unlike the last three patients, in the first patient, pleural empyema was not recognized preoperatively. Based on the outcome of the treatment of the presented patients, we can conclude that pleural empyema, as the first manifestation of the bronchus carcinoma does not necessarily exclude surgical treatment. Such a statement is based on the fact that, even in these patients, it is possible to achieve postoperative course without significant morbidity and with a possibility to perform various forms of adjuvant therapy.
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