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Polarisation of Social Inequalities in Disadvantaged Neighbourhoods of Bucharest Metropolis

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Author(s): ROBERT C. STOICULESCU | ALINA E. HUZUI | ALINA T. CHICO┼×

Journal: Romanian Review of Regional Studies
ISSN 1841-1576

Volume: IX;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 61;
Date: 2013;
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Keywords: Socio-spatial structures | Index of Urban Life Deprivation | Urban segregation | Urban renewal

ABSTRACT
This paper gives an insight into the statistical interpretation of socio-spatial changes of Bucharest urban landscape in connection to the transformations of the urban planning visions across the last decades. Special emphasis is placed on the emergence of disadvantaged neighbourhoods which are defined by a clear homogenisation of certain social classes on a precarious housing infrastructure. This came as a result of a historical hierarchy of the urban social space. Moreover, Bucharest was shaped in relation to different socio-economic and socio-cultural policies that determined the creation of a polarisation between north and south or between centre and periphery which were subject to numerous socio-urban inversions during the communist and post-communist eras. Hence, life in a large metropolis is vulnerable to inequalities appearing within the urban pattern that intensifies, in some cases, towards residential segregation. The historical-geographical analysis of vectors behind clusters of sensitive areas in the 20th and 21st centuries strengthens the importance of social cohesion measures in the future urban policies and territorial planning.
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