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The Political History of Twentieth-Century Portugal

Author(s): Manuel Baiôa | Paulo Jorge Fernandes | Filipe Ribeiro de Menezes

Journal: E-Journal of Portuguese History
ISSN 1645-6432

Volume: 1;
Issue: 2;
Date: 2003;
Original page

Keywords: Twentieth-Century Portugal | Historiography | Political History | First Republic (1910-1926) | New State (1933-1974)

The political history of twentieth-century Portugal has recently become the focus of intense research by historians of that country. This article attempts both to summarise the political developments of the period and to provide an English-language readership with an introduction to the on-going debate. This debate is driven to a great extent by the attempt to explain the reasons for the longevity of Salazar's New State and by the attempt to place it within a broader European context. As a result, the regime immediately preceding the New State, the First Republic, has been somewhat neglected by Portuguese historians.
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