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Pollakiuria in Children with Tic Disorders

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Author(s): Huei-Shyong Wang | Hsieh-Lin Chang | Siao-Wen Chang

Journal: Chang Gung Medical Journal
ISSN 2072-0939

Volume: 28;
Issue: 11;
Start page: 773;
Date: 2005;
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Keywords: pollakiuria | tic disorder | tourette syndrome.

ABSTRACT
Background: To describe the rarely reported characteristics of pollakiuria in children withtic disorders (TD).Methods: During a period of one year, all patients visiting our Tourette Syndrome (TS)Clinic with TD were studied for presentation of pollakiuria.Results: We found that nine (1.9%) out of 467 children with TD had pollakiuria: 407boys and 60 girls, with a mean age of 8.7 years. Of these nine children, therewere eight boys and one girl, and their mean age was 7.4 years. Five hadtransient TD, one had chronic motor TD and the remaining three had TS.Their pollakiuria recovered within two to six months, except for two malepatients aged six and 19 years, whose pollakiuria persisted for more than ayear. Factors precipitating anxiety were identified in only three children.Obsessive compulsive behaviors could be traced in eight patients.Conclusions: Pollakiuria occurring in children with TD is not frequently encountered. Itusually has a benign course, as it does in those without tics. However, sometimesthe pollakiuria waxed and waned over years, as do tics. Pollakiuriacould be a manifestation of tics or a compulsion, instead of just an anxietydisorder.

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