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Pollen Grains of Lagos Lagoon Swamp and Hinterland Vegetation-I

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Author(s): O.H. Adekanmbi | O.T. Ogundipe

Journal: International Journal of Botany
ISSN 1811-9700

Volume: 5;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 270;
Date: 2009;
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Keywords: micrographs | Lagos Lagoon | Palynomorphs | pollen morphology

ABSTRACT
In order to aid pollen identification, which is the bedrock of palynological studies, 14 plant species belonging to 4 families were subjected to standard palynological sample preparation. Taxa in the collection belong to the families Acanthaceae, Amaranthaceae, Apocynaceae and Aracaceae. Pollen grains belonging to the family Acanthaceae are mostly prolate in equatorial view and trigonal to circular in polar view. Family Amaranthaceae pollens are eurypalynous comprising of different morphological types of pollen, ranging from inaperturate to polyporate. Genera in the family Apocynaceae exhibit palynological extremes indicated by variety in the shape of the pollen grains, aperture, size and ornamentation of the studied species. Pollen grains in Aracaceae also exhibit variations ranging from monocolpate to trichotomosulcate nature of aperture. Light micrographs, detailed descriptions of the species and where possible Scanning Electron Micrographs are provided. It is established from this study that identification of palynomorphs should not pose a problem to the application of palynology even in fields other than biostratigraphy such as forensic studies, mellisopalynology, and medicine (e.g., alleviation of pollinosis).
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