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Polymorphisms of two Y chromosome microsatellites in Chinese cattle

Author(s): Cai Xin | Chen Hong | Wang Shan | Xue Kai | Lei Chuzhao

Journal: Genetics Selection Evolution
ISSN 0999-193X

Volume: 38;
Issue: 5;
Start page: 525;
Date: 2006;
Original page

Keywords: Chinese cattle | taurine | indicine | genetic introgression | Y chromosome

Abstract Two Y chromosome specific microsatellites UMN2404 and UMN0103 were genotyped and assessed for polymorphisms in a total of 423 unrelated males from 25 indigenous Chinese cattle breeds. Consistently, both microsatellites displayed specific indicine and taurine alleles in each bull examined. The indicine and taurine alleles were detected in 248 males (58.6%), and 175 males (41.4%), respectively, although these frequencies varied amongst different breeds examined. The indicine alleles dominated in the southern group (92.4%), while the taurine alleles dominated in the northern group (95.5%). Hainan Island was possibly the site for the origin of Chinese zebu, and Tibetan cattle were probably independently domesticated from another strain of Bos primigenius. The geographical distribution of these frequencies reveals a pattern of male indicine introgression and a hybrid zone of indicine and taurine cattle in China. The declining south-to-north and east-to-west gradient of male indicine introgression in China could be explained by historical data, geographical segregation and temperature and weather conditions.

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