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POSSIBILITIES OF OPERATIONALIZING THE CONCEPT OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN THE SPATIAL AND FUNCTIONAL EVOLUTION OF TÂRGU OCNA TOWN

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Author(s): Irina Ungureanu | Alexandru Bănica

Journal: Present Environment and Sustainable Development
ISSN 1843-5971

Volume: 2;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 165;
Date: 2008;
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Keywords: spatial evolution (dynamic) | natural favourability for habitation | socialeconomical favourability | urban environment | progressive view method | sustainable development

ABSTRACT
In order to be able to put forward a set of realistic recommendations regarding a foreseeable effective and sustainable spatial evolution of Târgu Ocna,we are compelled to rigorously analyse the natural suitability of the local environment and the subsequent restrictions for habitation, as well as the social and economical internal and external – namely its position within the regional and national urban system – context, and other human induced characteristics. The analysis of the favourability and restrictions brought about by the local environment requires a thorough study of the geomorphologic features of the urban site, as well as the potential morphology-related risk elements, in relation to the geological structure and groundwater configuration, to the hydrological variations and local microclimates, as well as to the local types of soil and vegetation. Alongside the natural suitability for habitation stand the social and economical factors, which play a fundamental part in the appropriate functionality of the urban environment - above all, a highly man-modified environment -, due to their ability to alter/to amend the natural favourability of the site, on one hand, and to convert themselves into premises for development, on the other. The social-economical favourability for development has been quantized by using a group of indicators, referring to the degree of accessibility to the road and railway network, the quality of the urban environment (the type of dwelling, the urban communications and public transportation, the availability of urban utilities and services, either educational, health facilities, commerce, leisure, banking or public administration), in relation to the town’s functions (residential, industrial,tertiary, tourism, agricultural). The integration of the two types of favourability may be fully accomplished by means of progressive view, which allows us to synthesize the complex results we have obtained so far into an useful instrument for the analysis of the current state as well as of the prediction of this small, yet very complex town’s future sustainable development. A further step has to be a comparative analysis between the results of this essentially geographical study as against the official local and regional planning papers, in order validate the latter, or,
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