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"Post-transplantation infectious complications in Iranian kidney recipients: A prospective study of 142 patients "

Author(s): Pourmand Gh. | Pourmand M.R. | Salem S. | Taheri Mahmoudi M. | Mehrsai A.R. | Ebrahimi R. Nikoobakht M.R. | Nouri Jelyahi K.

Journal: Journal of School of Public Health and Institute of Public Health Research
ISSN 1735-7586

Volume: 4;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 59;
Date: 2006;
Original page

Keywords: Infectious complications | Post-transplant complications

Background and Aim: Infectious complications after renal transplantation are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. We evaluated post-transplant complications due to infections and their relationship with graft function, immunosuppressive drugs and mortality. Materials and Methods: Over a 2-year period (2002-2004), 179 renal transplantations were performed in our center. Of these, 142 cases were followed for a period of one year. The immunosuppressive regimen included cyclosporin A, mycophenolate mofetil and prednisolone. Each patient was assessed through regular visits and according to the ward protocol. Results of the investigations (infections and their relationship with age, sex, donor type, creatinine level, acute rejection, immunosuppressive drugs, graft and patient survival) were recorded and analyzed. Results: The overall incidence of infection was 54%. The most common sites were lower urinary tract (42%) and respiratory tract (6%). The most frequent causes were Klebsiella (24%) and Cytomegalovirus (18%). Wound infection occurred in 5% of the patients. The overall mortality was 7.7%, and almost half of the death cases (3.5%) involved sepsis development. Graft loss occurred in 16 (11%) of the cases: 2 developed Cytomegalovirus infection, 2 experienced urinary tract infection (UTI) and 5 developed sepsis (and expired). Mycobacterial and hepatitis C infections were noticeably low compared to other studies. The hazard rate in occurrence of UTI, CMV, acute rejection and mortality were higher in cadaveric transplant recipients than in others. Conclusion: This study identifies infections as a major cause of morbidity and mortality in the post-transplant period. Patients having higher creatinine levels and those receiving high doses of drugs at discharge are considered to be at high risk and should be evaluated thoroughly.
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