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Postsurgical Orthodontic Treatment Planning: a Case Report with 20 Years Follow-up

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Author(s): Giampietro Farronato | Umberto Garagiola | Vera Carletti | Paolo Cressoni | Carmen Mortellaro

Journal: Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Research
ISSN 2029-283X

Volume: 2;
Issue: 2;
Start page: e4;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: dental occlusion | malocclusion | orthodontics | corrective | occlusal splints | maxillofacial orthognathic surgery | orthognathic surgical procedures

ABSTRACT
Background: Traditionally, maxillofacial deformities are corrected surgically after an initial orthodontic treatment phase. However in, this article, the authors emphasize the postsurgical therapeutic protocol which is extremely important for determining the final and permanent retention of the corrected occlusion.Methods: A 55 year old female with severe skeletal Class II malocclusion is presented. Combined surgical and orthodontic correction of the malocclusion was used.Results: The step-by-step procedure the authors followed for the postsurgical therapy is described. The goals of the postoperative therapy were to restore and rehabilitate neuromuscular function, obtain occlusal stabilization, grind teeth selectively, and final occlusion retention. The importance of a surgical occlusal splint for rehabilitating stomatognathic neuromuscular function postoperatively was demonstrated. Furthermore, the orthodontic-prosthodontic treatment ensured occlusion stability after the surgical correction. The long-term results confirmed the efficacy of the treatment protocol presented here from both functional and aesthetical perspectives.Conclusions: Postsurgical orthodontic treatment is an important step in the surgical and orthodontic therapy of maxillofacial deformities.
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