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POTENTIAL OF PHOSPHORUS POLLUTION IN THE SOIL OF THE NORTHERN GAZA STRIP, PALESTINE

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Author(s): Mazen Hamada | Adnan Aish | Mai Shahwan

Journal: Agrivita : Journal of Agricultural Science
ISSN 0126-0537

Volume: 33;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 291;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: phosphorus | soil pollution | Olsen P | Gaza strip

ABSTRACT
The damage and negative consequences of the Israeli Cast Lead on Gaza in the period between December 2008 – January 2009 is not only limited to the number of martyrs and wounded people, the destruction of houses and the infrastructure, but it also reached the environment. This paper investigates the occurrence of phosphorus (P) in the soil of the northern governorate of the Gaza Strip which has been shaped as a result of the heavily bombing of white phosphorus on Gaza during the war. We have measured soil Phosphorus concentrations in three different areas; agricultural, non-agricultural and urban areas. The obtained Olsen P values in most of the soil samples were ranked very high. The maximum value of phosphorous determined in agricultural areas was about 110.9 mg/ kg, in the non-agricultural areas adjacent to boarders 63.3 mg/ kg, and in urban areas 85.2 mg/ kg. The results show that the potential of phosphorus in the northern of the Gaza Strip is becoming higher than the allowed Olsen P values.

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