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Potentially malignant disorders of oral cavity

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Author(s): Antony George | B.S. Sreenivasan | S.Sunil | Soma Susan Varghese | Jubin Thomas | Devi Gopakumar | Varghese Mani

Journal: Oral & Maxillofacial Pathology Journal
ISSN 0976-1225

Volume: 2;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 95;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: potentially malignant disorder | precancerous lesion | precancerous condition | oral cancer | erythroplakia

ABSTRACT
Even though rapid advances have been made in the field of medicine and surgery, cancer is one of the leadingcauses for all human deaths. It is estimated that more than one million new Oral Cancer cases are being detectedannually in the Indian subcontinent, of which 90% are oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCC). It has been wellestablished by researchers that virtually all OSCC’s are preceded by visible clinical changes in the oral mucosa, usually inthe form of white or red patch. 60-70% of the Indian patients presented for treatment only in the advanced stage ofOral Cancer, leading to high mortality rate. Lack of public awareness about the signs, symptoms and risk factors, alongwith the absence of knowledge for early detection by health-care providers are believed to be responsible for thisdiagnostic delay in identifying the potentially malignant disorders. This article makes an attempt to provide and updatethe knowledge about these disorders to health-care providers in order to help in early detection and treatment of OralCancer, thus reducing its mortality.
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