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Poverty and inequality in Latin America: From growth to conditional transfers of income

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Author(s): José Ignacio Antón Pérez | Miguel Carrera Troyano | Rafael Muñoz de Bustillo Llorente | Rodrigo Rodrigues-Silveira

Journal: Revista CIDOB d'Afers Internacionals
ISSN 1133-6595

Issue: 85-86;
Start page: 157;
Date: 2009;
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Keywords: Latin America | inequality | poverty | economy

ABSTRACT
This article focuses on the scale, interpretation and policies of the fight against inequality and poverty in Latin America. To this end, the article presents, firstly, the continent’s situation with respect to inequality and poverty, as well as its evolution over the past decades. Secondly, the authors examine the changing interpretation that has been made – through the economy and economic policy – of the importance of inequality and poverty in development processes. The article then offers a review of this debate, providing information on the link between economic growth and poverty in Latin America, given the fact that independently of this link, many policies exist aimed at combating poverty, whether to reduce its intensity or its effects. Finally, and prior to the conclusions, the authors present an overview of this kind of policies in Latin America, focusing particularly on the ones that have proven most effective.
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