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Poverty Reduction Through Private Sector Development in Georgia: Policy, Practice and Perspectives

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Author(s): Vladimer Papava

Journal: Caucasian Review of International Affairs
ISSN 1865-6773

Volume: 3;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 307;
Date: 2009;
Original page

Keywords: Georgia | Rose Revolution | poverty reduction | private sector development | UNDP | The IMF | The World Bank

ABSTRACT
This paper deals with the experience gained in the area of poverty reduction and private sector development in Georgia. The Economic Development and Poverty reduction Programme approved by the President of Georgia in 2003 has never been implemented because the Georgian Government had neither the will nor the ability to launch its implementation. During the Presidential and Parliamentary elections in 2008, the Government’s electoral slogan was “An Integrated Georgia Without Poverty!” Unfortunately, however, even this slogan did not prepare the grounds for the Government to develop a more-or-less complete poverty reduction programme. The post-revolution Government was not always consistent in its endeavours to support private sector employment programmes. Very often its steps were populist rather than practical. Poverty reduction may be achieved as a result of co-ordinated efforts of the government and the private sector: however, this kind of co-ordination requires the active involvement of trade unions and civil society.
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