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Prediction and Control of Cutting Tool Vibration in Cnc Lathe with Anova and Ann

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Author(s): S. S. Abuthakeer | P. V. Mohanram | G. Mohan Kumar

Journal: International Journal of Lean Thinking
ISSN 2146-0337

Volume: 2;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 1;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: Data acquisition | Passive damping pad | Cutting tool vibration | ANOVA | ANN.

ABSTRACT
Machining is a complex process in which many variables can deleterious the desired results. Among them, cutting tool vibration is the most critical phenomenon which influences dimensional precision of the components machined, functional behavior of the machine tools and life of the cutting tool. In a machining operation, the cutting tool vibrations are mainly influenced by cutting parameters like cutting speed, depth of cut and tool feed rate. In this work, the cutting tool vibrations are controlled using a damping pad made of Neoprene. Experiments were conducted in a CNC lathe where the tool holder is supported with and without damping pad. The cutting tool vibration signals were collected through a data acquisition system supported by LabVIEW software. To increase the buoyancy and reliability of the experiments, a full factorial experimental design was used. Experimental data collected were tested with analysis of variance (ANOVA) to understand the influences of the cutting parameters. Empirical models have been developed using analysis of variance (ANOVA). Experimental studies and data analysis have been performed to validate the proposed damping system. Multilayer perceptron neural network model has been constructed with feed forward back-propagation algorithm using the acquired data. On the completion of the experimental test ANN is used to validate the results obtained and also to predict the behavior of the system under any cutting condition within the operating range. The onsite tests show that the proposed system reduces the vibration of cutting tool to a greater extend.
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