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Prediction of transients and control reactions in a transonic wind tunnel

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Author(s): Falcão Filho João Batista Pessoa | Ortega Marcos Aurélio | Góes Luiz Carlos Sandoval

Journal: Journal of the Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences
ISSN 0100-7386

Volume: 22;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 317;
Date: 2000;
Original page

Keywords: Transonic Wind Tunnel | Lumped Parameters | Control Systems | Injection

ABSTRACT
This work describes a lumped parameter mathematical model for the prediction of transients in an aerodynamic circuit of a transonic wind tunnel. Control actions to properly handle those perturbations are also assessed. The tunnel circuit technology is up to date and incorporates a novel feature: high-enthalpy air injection to extend the tunnel's Reynolds number capability. The model solves the equations of continuity, energy and momentum and defines density, internal energy and mass flow as the basic parameters in the aerodynamic study as well as Mach number, stagnation pressure and stagnation temperature, all referred to test section conditions, as the main control variables. The tunnel circuit response to control actions and the stability of the flow are numerically investigated. Initially, for validation purposes, the code was applied to the AWT ("Altitude Wind Tunnel" of NASA-Lewis). In the sequel, the Brazilian transonic wind tunnel was investigated, with all the main control systems modeled, including injection.
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