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Prediction of True Circulatory Decompensation in Chronic Heart Failure for Optimal Timing of Mechanical Circulatory Support: Non-Invasive Arterial-Ventricular Coupling

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Author(s): Henryk Siniawski | Hans Lehmkuhl | Michael Dandel | Axel Unbehaun | Dagmar Kemper | Yuguo Weng | Roland Hetzer

Journal: Journal of Functional Biomaterials
ISSN 2079-4983

Volume: 3;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 100;
Date: 2012;
Original page

Keywords: wave intensity | end-stage cardiomyopathy | heart failure

ABSTRACT
Background: Prospective comparative studies to predict the risk of hemodynamic deterioration in patients referred for transplantation were performed on the basis of standard invasive and non-invasive data and new wave intensity (WI) parameters. Methods and results: Study Group 1 consisted of 151 consecutive outpatients (age 48.7 ± 12 years; 110 men) with end-stage dilative cardiomyopathy. Group 2, consisting of 11 consecutive patients (age 50 ± 11 years; 6 men) with sinus rhythm and “true” decompensation, was used to create “critical values” of WI. There were no demographic or somatic (weight and height) differences between the groups. The follow-up period of ambulatory patients was 31 ± 8 months. Non-invasive WI was studied in the common carotid artery. Complete invasive and non-invasive data were also recorded on the day of investigation. During follow-up 44 pts were lost; there were 15 cardiac deaths (10%), life-saving ventricular assist device implantation in 10 (6.6%) and transplantation in 19 (12.7%). For statistical purposes this group was named the “events” Group B (n = 44). A predisposing factor for events (death, “true” decompensation and “urgent” transplantation in ambulatory patients) was low first peak (“cut-off value” assessed in Group 2 < 4100 mmHg*s³) (OR 45.6, CI 14.5–143.3, p < 0.001). Less powerful predictors of the risk of deterioration were pulmonary capillary pressure (PCP), diastolic pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) and E/A mitral wave relation (p = 0.05). Conclusions: The new ventricular-arterial coupling parameter 1st peak of WI can potentially be used to distinguish patients at high risk for true deterioration and death. This parameter can be used to predict the need for assist device implantation.

Tango Jona
Tangokurs Rapperswil-Jona

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