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Predictive value of magnetic resonance imaging in avascular necrosis following talar fractures.

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Author(s): Kubo T | Kamata K | Noguchi M | Inoue S | Horii M | Fujioka M | Hirasawa Y

Journal: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
ISSN 1022-5536

Volume: 8;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 73;
Date: 2000;
Original page

ABSTRACT
Ischemic bone necrosis following talar fractures is a problematic complication and its early diagnosis is important. Patients with Hawkins Type II and III talar fractures received internal fixation using titanium alloy screws, and chronological bone changes were observed with Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). With the Type II patient, Hawkins' sign was radiographically confirmed 2 months after the surgery. Furthermore, there were no changes of MR images for 2 years and a good clinical outcome was obtained. However, in the Type III patient, Hawkins' sign was negative and MRI revealed a low signal-intensity band on the talus 2 months after the surgery and then necrosis was radiographically confirmed; pain appeared 10 months later. These 2 cases suggest that MRI is a useful means for detecting bone necrosis with talar fractures in the early post-operative period.
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