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Predictor of cardiovascular disease with respect to BMI, WHR and lipid profile in females of three population groups

Author(s): Divya Bishnoi

Journal: Biology and Medicine
ISSN 0974-8369

Volume: 2;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 32;
Date: 2010;
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Keywords: Cardiovascular risk factor | Females | Body mass index | Waist to hip ratio

The present study focused on females of three population groups namely Bishnoi, Sikh and Hindu from two Northernstates of India (Punjab and Rajasthan) with the primary objectives (i) to describe the basic design for regressionrelationship and correlation between the phenotypes of blood pressure, anthropometric measurements and metabolicvariables and (ii) to compare the three population groups and find out the significant predicators for cardiovasculardisease. A total of 310 females were recruited from the three population groups. All the anthropometric andphysiometric measurements were taken on each individual using standard technique. Females of Hindu populationwere at a higher risk, Sikh at a moderate and Bishnoi at lower risk in case of comparison with respect to BMI, weight,waist circumference, total cholesterol, triglyceride, HDL and Cho-HDL ratio. Since waist circumference is a measureof android obesity, it is found to be a significant predictor of cardiovascular disease across all the three populations.Physical inactivity, on the other hand, demonstrated a strong association with the elevation of cardiovascular diseaserisk. It can now be concluded that cardiovascular disease in females should not be taken casually, rathercardiovascular disease risk factors should be addressed much earlier than menopause.

Tango Jona
Tangokurs Rapperswil-Jona

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