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Pregnancy and health-related quality of life: A cross sectional study

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Author(s): Robinson Ramírez-Vélez

Journal: Colombia Médica
ISSN 0120-8322

Volume: 42;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 476;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Pregnant women | Health-related quality of life | SF-12 | Colombia

ABSTRACT
Objective: To evaluate and identify determinants of health related quality of life (HRQoL) during pregnancy.Methods: In this descriptive exploratory study in sixty-four nulliparous pregnant women, completed the questionnaire:HRQoL (Colombian standard version of the Medical Outcome Study Short-Form Health Survey -SF12v2-), and sociodemographicdeterminants (i.e., age, place of origin, education, marital status, and occupation) during the second trimester.Results: Mean age of patients included was 19.1±2.7 years old and gestational age was 17.6 ± 3.4 weeks. The participantsreported higher HRQoL scores in the vitality domain (56±11), followed by mental health (5110), and general health (50±11).Moreover, the lowest score was demonstrated in the domains of emotional role (18±5) and physical role (25±4). Having ahigher household socioeconomic level was significantly correlated with higher scores in the physical role, general health,social functioning, emotional role, and mental health. Being married or cohabiting was significantly correlated with all theSF-12v2 domains, with the exception of the Bodily pain domain.Conclusions: While we have included a comprehensive assessment of socioeconomic variables needed to assess andidentify the factors determining the HRQoL during pregnancy, further studies are needed that can guide the expectations ofwomen, their health care providers, and public policy.

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