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PRELIMINARY RESULTS OF BOWL TRAPPING BEES (HYMENOPTERA, APOIDEA) IN A SOUTHERN BRAZIL FOREST FRAGMENT

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Author(s): Rodrigo B. Gonçalves | Priscila S. Oliveira

Journal: Journal of Insect Biodiversity
ISSN 2147-7612

Volume: 1;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 1;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: Pan traps | assemblage | synecology | bees | Apoidea

ABSTRACT
In recent years bowl traps have gained attention as a useful method for sampling bees and are now commonly used across the world for this purpose. However, specific questions about the method itself have not yet been tested on different regions of the globe. We present the preliminary results of bowl trapping in a Semidecidual Seasonal forest fragment in southern Brazil, including the test of two different color bowls, two different habitats, and the interaction of these variables in bee species number and composition. We used blue and yellow bowls in the border and in the core trails of the forest fragment. In five sampling days between October to December bowl traps captured 745 specimens of 37 morphospecies, with Halictinae bees being the richest and most abundant group. Non parametrical statistical analyses suggested that different colors of bowl traps influenced bee richness and composition and thus, they should be used together for a more complete sampling. Different trails influenced only the composition, while the interaction with different colors did not have a significant effect. These results, as well as the higher taxonomic composition of the inventoried bees, are similar to other studies reported in the literature.
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