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Preliminary study using lichen species diversity as an indicator of local environmental quality within two nature reserves from Romania

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Author(s): Ioana VICOL

Journal: Analele Universitatii din Oradea, Fascicula Biologie
ISSN 1224-5119

Volume: Tom XVIII;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 53;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: lichen | environmental quality | nitrophily | anitrophily | Glodeasa | Măluşteni

ABSTRACT
Within this study was emphasized the difference between the high degree of conservation of Glodeasa Forest Reserve and the impact of eutrophication as a result of human activities from Măluşteni Nature Reserve using lichen species diversity. The major human activities with a strongly impact on environment quality in Măluşteni Nature Reserve area are following: the livestock operations and the crop farming. A comparative assessment on the two protected areas pointed out a significantly differences regarding the preferences of inventoried lichen species to nitrophily. Thus, it was recorded a highest percentage (67%) of nitrophilous lichen species within Măluşteni Nature Reserve in contrast with a highest percentage (93%) of anitrophilous lichen species inventoried from Glodeasa Forest Reserve. The prevailing of some rare and threatened lichen species within Glodeasa Nature Reserve represent a sensitive indicator of highest environmental quality.
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