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Preparation and characterization of Nickel-and cobalt-doped magnetites

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Author(s): Lelis Maria de Fátima Fontes | Fabris José Domingos | Mussel Wagner da Nova | Takeuchi Armando Yoshihaki

Journal: Materials Research
ISSN 1516-1439

Volume: 6;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 145;
Date: 2003;
Original page

Keywords: Mössbauer | ferrite | magnetization

ABSTRACT
Nickel- and cobalt-doped magnetites were prepared by a co-precipitation method and studied in some detail, in an effort to identify some effects of the doping cations on the magnetic, crystallographic and morphological properties of the resulting spinel. The synthetic samples were characterized by conventional chemical analysis, powder X-ray diffractometry, Mössbauer spectroscopy, saturation magnetization and scanning electron microscopy. From chemical analysis, the continuous increase of Ni2+ or Co2+ is accompanied by a simultaneous decrease of the Fe2+ contents, in the spinel structure. The magnetization values also decrease continuously with increasing doping cation contents. Mössbauer parameters are characteristic of substituted magnetites and indicate the presence of a single phase only. Based on the inverted intensities of the lines 1 (leftmost, on the negative Doppler velocity scale) and 2 of Mössbauer spectra of doped samples, relatively to the pure magnetite, it was assumed that the isomorphical substitution occurs preferentially on octahedral coordination sites of the spinel structure. The coercive field of these ferrites decrease steadily with Ni2+ but increases with Co2+ contents, reaching a maximum at x = 0.38, in the general formula Co xFe3-xO4 .
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