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Preparation and Characterization of a Novel Smart Polymeric Hydrogel for Drug Delivery of Insulin

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Author(s): Behzad Jafari | Farzaneh Rafie | Soodabeh Davaran

Journal: BioImpacts
ISSN 2228-5652

Volume: 1;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 135;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Oral Drug Delivery | NIPAAm | Hydrogel | Insulin

ABSTRACT
Introduction: Over the past years, temperature and pH-sensitive hydrogels was developed as suitable carriers for drug delivery. In this study temperature and pH-sensitive hydrogels was designed for an oral insulin delivery modeling. Methods: NIPAAm-MAA -HEM copolymers were synthesized by radical chain reaction with 86:4:10 (5% w/v) ratios respectively. Reaction was carried out in 1,4-Dioxane under Nitrogen gas-flow. The copolymers were characterized with FT-IR, 1H-NMR and DSC. Copolymers were loaded with regular insulin by modified double emulsion method with ratio of 1:10. Release study carried out in two different pH (pH=2 and 7.4 for stomach and intestine simulation respectively) at 37ºC. For each pH, a 5 mL suspension of the insulin containing hydrogel was taken in to a cellulose acetate dialysis membrane, and the dialysis membrane was allowed to float in a beaker containing 15 mL of buffer solution. The beakers were placed in a shaker incubator maintained at 37ºC. Phosphate buffer (0.1 M, pH 3)/ acetonitrile (60/40) was used as the mobile phase in HPLC assay. Results: Yield of reaction was 86% with an optimum Lower Critical Solution Temperature point (30ºC). In-vitro studies showed a control release behavior via pH changes which the amount of insulin releases was 80% and 20% at pH=2 and 7.4 respectively. Conclusion: Results showed that by optimizing polymerization and loading method we could achieve a suitable nano system for oral delivery of insulin.

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