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Preparation and Comparison of Chitosan Nanoparticles with Different Degrees of Glutathione Thiolation

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Author(s): P Yousefpour | F Atyabi | R Dinarvand | E Vasheghani-Farahani

Journal: DARU : Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
ISSN 1560-8115

Volume: 19;
Issue: 5;
Start page: 367;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Thiolated Chitosan | Glutathione | Nanoparticle | Mucoadhesion

ABSTRACT
Background: Chitosan has gained considerable attentions as a biocompatible carrier to improve delivery of active agents. Application of this vehicle in the form of nanoparticle could profit advantages of nanotechnology to increase efficacy of active agents. The purpose of this study was to provide detailed information about chitosan-glutathione (Cht-GSH)nanoparticles which are gaining popularity because of their high mucoadhesive and extended drug release properties. Methods: Depolymerization of chitosan was carried out using sodium nitrite method.Glutathione was covalently attached to chitosan and the solubility of the resulting conjugates was evaluated. Nanoparticles were prepared by ionic gelation method and then the effect of glutathione immobilization on properties of nanoparticles was investigated. Results: Thiolation efficiency was higher in lower molecular weight chitosan polymers compared to unmodified chitosan nanoparticles. Cht-GSH conjugates of the same molecular weight but with different degrees of thiolation had the same hydrodynamic diameter (995± nm) and surface charge (102± mV) as unmodified chitosan, but comprised of a denser network structure and lower concentration. Cht-GSH nanoparticles also exhibited greater mucoadhesive strength which was less affected by ionic strength and pH of the environment. Conclusion:Thiolation improves the solubility of chitosan without any significant changes in size and charge of nanoparticles, but affects the nanogel structure.
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