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PRESSURE-IMPULSE DIAGRAM OF MULTI-LAYERED ALUMINUM FOAM PANELS UNDER BLAST PRESSURE

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Author(s): CHANG-SU SHIM | DONG-HOON SHIN | NU-RI YUN

Journal: Journal of Engineering Science and Technology
ISSN 1823-4690

Volume: 8;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 284;
Date: 2013;
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Keywords: Sacrificial foam | Blast pressure | Transmitted pressure | Multi-layered foam | P-I diagram

ABSTRACT
Anti-terror engineering has increasing demand in construction industry, but basis of design (BOD) is normally not clear for designers. Hardening of structures has limitations when design loads are not defined. Sacrificial foam claddings are one of the most efficient methods to protect blast pressure. Aluminum foam can have designed yield strength according to relative density and mitigate the blast pressure below a target transmitted pressure. In this paper, multi-layered aluminum foam panels were proposed to enhance the pressure mitigation by increasing effective range of blast pressure. Through explicit finite element analyses, the performance of blast pressure mitigation by the multi-layered foams was evaluated. Pressure-impulse diagrams for the foam panels were developed from extensive analyses. Combination of low and high strength foams showed better applicability in wider range of blast pressure.
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