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Prevalence of Asthma in Children of Chemical Warfare Victims

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Author(s): Majid Mirsadraee | Abolfazl Mozaffari | Davood Attaran

Journal: Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
ISSN 2008-2142

Volume: 21;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 294;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Chemical Warfare | Sulfur Mustard Gas | Asthma | Family Size

ABSTRACT
Objective: Exposure of DNA to sulfur mustard gas may increase the inheritance of asthma in chemical warfare victims' (CWV) offspring. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of asthma in children of CWV and compare it to asthmatic children in the general population. Methods: Four hundred and nine children from 130 CWV fathers and 440 children from 145 asthmatic parents from two cities in Iran participated in this study. The prevalence of asthma was determined by standard questionnaire released for epidemiological survey of asthma in children and compared between two groups. Findings: The prevalence of asthma in the CWV group was 15%; this was not significantly different from the control group (12.5%). The children of the CWV group reported a significantly greater incidence of wheezing (1.2±3.1 attacks) per year, but the control group reported more severe attacks leading to speech difficulties (3%) and coughing (7%). Regression analysis showed that with increasing family size in the control group, the number of subjects suffering from asthmatic symptoms decreases significantly (r=0.86, P=0.001). Conclusion: Chemical agents may increase the prevalence of asthma in the offspring of CWV.
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